Center for Sight
Comprehensive Eye Care Center
Several diagnostic tests may be performed to make the most precise diagnosis of glaucoma. These include the following:
Medical Treatment of Glaucoma
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma is most often treated by prescribing one or more types of eye drops to lower your Intraocular Pressure (IOP). By using a single type of medication or sometimes 2 eye drops in combination, more than 80% of the patients with Open Angle Glaucoma can be successfully treated. These eye drops work by either decreasing the amount of fluid being produced inside your eye or by increasing the rate of drainage of fluid from your eye. For most patients, using the eye drops as prescribed-1-2 times per day it is possible to control the Intraocular Pressure (IOP) and slow or even halt the loss of vision.
Laser Treatment of Glaucoma
The use of laser treatment for glaucoma has become an important treatment option for many patients. In the past, laser treatment for glaucoma was considered a “last resort” before glaucoma surgery. Today, thanks to advances in lasers, using a laser treatment for glaucoma in conjunction with the eye drop treatment or sometimes even using the laser treatment as the primary treatment are excellent options to help maintain control and slow or stop the progression of the disease.
Surgical Treatment of Glaucoma
For a small number of patients, even with the maximum medical therapy and laser treatment, it is still not possible to achieve good stable control of their disease and stop the progression of vision loss. For these patients, there are surgical procedures available to help achieve control of the Intraocular Pressure (IOP) and slow or stop the progression of the disease that include removing a tiny piece of the Trabecular Meshwork, a surgical procedure called “Trabeculectomy”, “Sclerostomy” or “Filtering Procedure”, or even implanting microscopic glaucoma valves, stents such as the iStent®, shunts such as the Ex-PRESS Mini Shunt and tubes to help reduce and stabilize the Intraocular Pressure (IOP) and prevent vision loss.